All of these bibliographies and sources are from a paper done by David R. Smith in 1968. He was a reference librarian at the UCLA library in February 1968 when the paper was published.         The paper is titled:   The Monitor & The Merrimac; A Bibliography. The commentary is from Mr. Smith as well, and the format is exactly as it was in his paper.

Abbot, Willis J. "The Duel Between the 'Monitor' and the 'Merrimac,'" in Stories of the
Republic. New York: Putnam, 1912. Pp. 260-293.

Poor, inaccurate account of the battle. A similar account appears in his Blue Jackets of '61; a History of the Navy in the War of Secession (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1887), pp. 129-154.

An Account of the Reception Given by the Citizens of New York to the Survivors of the
Officers and Crews of the United States Frigates Cumberland and Congress, at the Academy of Music, April 10, 1862. New York: J. A. Gray and Green, Printers, [1862]. 38 pp.

Flowery account of the battle, praising the Union soldiers.

Adts, Nicholas Joseph. Le Monitor et le Merrimac; système de projectile se forçant
dans l'ame au moyen d'un sabot. Paris: Tanera, 1862. 29 pp.

Ålund, O. W. John Ericsson; Några Minnesblad. (Ur Det Moderna Samhällslifvet, 13.)
Stockholm: Albert Bonnier, 1890. 116 pp.

A biography of Ericsson in Swedish, with one chapter on the Monitor.

The American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1861.
New York: Appleton, 1863. Pp. 505-507.

Contains an early description of the Monitor (before the battle), with illustrations, in a chapter on the U.S. Navy.

Anderson, Bern. "Monitor and Merrimack," in his By Sea and by River: the Naval
History of the Civil War. New York: Knopf, 1962. Pp. 67-84.

Barnes, James. "The Birth of the Ironclads" and "The Most Famous American
Naval Battle," in Francis Trevelyan Miller, ed., The Photographic History of the Civil War. New York: Review of Reviews, 1911. VI, 129-182.

Presents several unique photographs.

Barthell, Edward E., comp. The Mystery of the Merrimack. Muskegon, Mich.:
Dana Printing Co., [1959]. 54 pp.

Bathe, Greville. Ship of Destiny; a Record of the U.S. Steam Frigate Merrimac,
1855-1862: With an Appendix on the Development of the United States Naval Cannon from 1812-1865. St. Augustine, Fla.: The Author, 1951. 82 pp.

Limited edition. Mainly details of construction of the Merrimac and an account of its machinery.

Baxter, James Phinney. The Introduction of the Ironclad Warship. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press, 1933. 398 pp.

One of the most painstaking secondary accounts of the battle, based on research in government archives and collections of private papers. Very well documented and with a good bibliography. Reprinted, Hamden, Conn.: Archon, 1968.

Bennett, Frank Marion. The Monitor and the Navy Under Steam. Boston: Houghton
Mifflin, 1900. 369 pp.

About one-fourth of the book is on the Monitor, giving a simple, clear narrative of facts. Not documented, but has illustrations and a good index.

Besse, Sumner Bradford. C. S. Ironclad Virginia; with Data and References for a
Scale Model. (Museum Publication, no. 4.) Newport News, Va.: Mariners' Museum, 1937. 47 pp.

Details of the Monitor's design. "Historical incidents are included only insofar as they had bearing on the design and appearance of the vessel." List of references included.

Blair, Clay. Diving for Pleasure and Treasure. Cleavland: World Publishing, [1960].
348 pp.

The first part of the book refers to a recent search for the sunken Monitor off Cape Hatteras.

Boynton, Charles Brandon. A History of the Navy During the Rebellion. New York:
Appleton, 1867. I, 358-376.

The Chaplain of the House of Representatives and Assistant Professor at the Naval Academy draws from Navy Department documents to present the story of the ironclads. He refers to the interposition of God in controlling "even the issue of battle." Definate Northern bias.

Brooke, John Mercer. "The Plan and Construction of the Merrimac," in Battles and
Leaders of the Civil War. New York: Century, 1887. I, 715-716.

A former commander in the Confederate Navy tells the details of the refurbishing of the Merrimac.

Burnett, Constance (Buel). Captain John Ericsson: Father of the Monitor. New York:
Vanguard, [c. 1960]. 255 pp.

Juvenile literature.

Bushnell, Samuel Clarke. The Story of the Monitor and the Merrimac. New Haven,
Conn: Privately printed, [1924?]. 12 pp.

A New Haven minister presents his story of the battle, with many biblical references. Not authoritative. Reverend Bushnell's father helped Ericsson in the building of theMonitor.

Butts, Francis Banister. The "Monitor" and the "Merrimac." (Rhode Island Soldiers'
and Sailers' Historical Society. Personal Narratives of Events in the War of the Rebellion. Being Papers Read before the Rhode Island Soldiers' and Sailors' Historical Society, 4 th ser., no. 6.) Providence: The Society, 1890. 51 pp.

A former paymaster's clerk in the U.S. Navy relates his experiences while serving on the Monitor ,. Read before the society in 1883. Edition limited to 250 copies.

Cannon, Le Grand Bouton. "The Monitor and Merrimack." in his Personal
Reminiscences of the Rebellion 1861-1866. New York: [Burr Printing House], 1895. Pp. 75-99.

Reminiscences of an eyewitness from the shore, taken from his 1875 pamphlet (see no. 22).

Carrison, Daniel J. "The Monitor and the Merrimac," in his The Navy from Wood to
Steel 1860-1890. New York: Franklin Watts, [c. 1965]. Pp. 59-73.

A popular account, by a captain in the Navy.

Chittenden, Lucius Eugene. "The Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac: The Battle
Described by Captain Worden and Lieut. Greene of the Monitor," in Ripley Hitchcock, ed., Decisive Battles of America. New York: Harper, 1909. Pp. 279-287.

Short account by a historian.

Church, William Conant. The Life of John Ericsson. New York: Scribner, 1890. 2 vols.

Later editions in 1906 and 1911. Has an account of the inception and construction of the Monitor. A colorless and distorted image by a devoted admirer. Church was the designated heir of the Ericsson papers, and he suppressed materials which did not please him (according to White, no. 111).

Collum, Richard Strader. . . . The Description of the Fight Between the Monitor and
Merrimac on the 9th of March, 1862, Given by Major R. S. Collum, U.S.M.C., and the Copy of the Letter Written by Lieutenant S. Dana Greene, the Executive Officer of the Monitor, to His Father and Mother. [Philadelphia]: Published by order of the Pennsylvania Commandery, Naval Order of the United States, [1898]. 30 pp.

Report of an eyewitness.

A Comprehensive Sketch of the Merrimac and Monitor Naval Battle, Giving an
Accurate Account of the Most Important Naval Battle in the Annals of War. New York: New York Panorama Corp., 1886. 15 pp.

An interesting illustrated account of the duel, published by a company which exhibited a picture of the engagement. Nice engravings.

Cras, Hervé (Jacques Mordal, pseud.). "Corsaires et monitors américains de la
Guerre de Secession," in his Vingt-cinq siècles de guerre sur mer. Paris?: Robert Laffont, 1959. Pp. 225-236.

Several pages give a Frenchman's opinions of the battle, concluding that it was a draw. Also published in an English translation: Twenty-Five Centuries of Sea Warfare. Translated by Leo Ortzen. New York: C. M. Potter, [1965].

Curtis, Richard. History of the Famous Battle Between the Iron-Clad Merrimac,
C.S.N., and the Iron-Clad Monitor and the Cumberland and Congress of the U.S. Navy, March 8th and 9th, 1862, as Seen by a Man at the Gun. [Norfork, Va.: S. B. Turner & Son, 1907.] 17 pp.

Reprinted: [Hampton, Va.: Houston Printing and Publishing House, 1957.] 18 pp.

Daly, Robert Welter. How the Merrimac Won; the Strategic Story of the C.S.S.
Virginia. New York: Crowell, 1957. 211 pp.

A Northerner delves into strategy and decides that the Merrimac was the victor. Recent study, good bibliography.

Donovan, Frank Robert. The Ironclads. Illus. by Frank Kramer. (A Wonderful World
Book.) New York: Barnes, [1961]. 125 pp.

Told for children in grades 5-8.

Donovan, Frank Robert. Ironclads of the Civil War. By the editors of American
Heritage. Author: Frank R. Donovan. Consultant: Bruce Catton. 1st ed. (American Heritage Junior Library.) New York: American Heritage Pub. Co., 1964. 153 pp.

Attractively illustrated history of ironclads for juvenile readers. Picture captions contain several glaring errors.

Dorr, Ebenezer Pearson. A Brief Sketch of the First Monitor and its Inventor. A Paper
Read before the Buffalo Historical Society, January 5, 1874. Buffalo: Matthews and Warren, 1874. 52 pp.

An account which includes an appendix of statistics, etc., and statements by eyewitnesses and participants.

Eliot, George Fielding. Daring Sea Warrior, Franklin Buchanan. New York: Messner,
[1962]. 191 pp.

Juvenile literature.

Ellet, Charles, Jr. Military Incapacity and What It Costs the Country. New York: Ross
and Tousey; Philadelphia: J. R. Callender, 1862. 15 pp.

A tract written before the battle, criticizing General McClellan and warning of the dangers of the Merrimac.

Ericsson, John. Contributions to the Centennial Exhibition. New York: Printed for the
author at "The Nation" Press, 1876. 577 pp.

The inventor has several chapters on the construction of the Monitor.

Fiveash, Joseph Gardner. Virginia-(Merrimac) Monitor Engagement, and a Complete
History of the Operations of These Two Historic Vessels in Hampton Roads and Adjacent Waters, C.S.S. Virginia, March 8-May 11, 1862, U.S.S. Monitor, March 9[1862]-January 2d, 1863. Norfolk, Va.: Fiveash Publishing Corp., [c. 1907]. 29 pp.

Many maps and portraits illustrate this account, taken from the Official Records and from personal experiences of the author.

Flake, Elijah Wilson. Battle Between the Merrimac and the Monitor, March 9th, 1862.
Polkton, N.C.: The Author, 1914. 12 pp.

By the last survivor of the Merrimac's crew.

Fuller, Richard F. "Fortress Incidents: Including the Contest Between the Merrimac
and Monitor," in his Chaplain Fuller: Being a Life Sketch of a New England Clergyman and Army Chaplain. Boston: Walker, 1863. Pp. 213-245.

A chaplain who winessed the battle writes his account.

Geoffroy, William. Facts Connected with the Cruise of the United States Steam
Frigate Merrimac, Commanded by R. B. Hitchcock, Commander, late the Flagship of the Pacific Squadron, During the Years 1857, 1858, 1859, and 1860. Baltimore: Kelly, Hedrier and Piet, 1860. 40 pp.

Facts about the Merrimac before she was remade into an ironclad; mainly tables and lists.

Georgiady, Nicholas Peter, and Louis G. Romano. The Ironclads (the Monitor and the
Merrimac). Illus. by Buford Nixon. (Events in American History.) Milwaukee: Independents Pub. Co., c. 1966. 1 vol. (unpaged).

For juvenile readers.

Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. "The Virginia and the Monitor," in their
Harper's Pictorial History of the Great Rebellion. Chicago: McDonnell Bros., 1866. Pp. 250-260.

From Harper's Weekly.

Hale, John Richard. "The Fight in Hampton Roads, March, 1862," in his Famous
Sea Fights from Salamis to Tsu-shima. London: Methuen, 1911. Pp. 206-230.

2d ed., 1912; 3d ed., 1916. An account from the British viewpoint, concluding that the Monitor probably won.

Hammar, Hugo. John Ericssons Monitor och Drabbningen på Hampton Roads.
Göteborg: Göteborgs Handelstidnings Aktiebolags Tryckeri, 1925. 58 pp.

Also a later edition (Stockholm: H. Geber, [1937]). Tells of the historic engagement in scholarly fashion; does not take sides. Parts were later translated into English by Lieutenant A. D. W. Moore and published in The Mariner's Mirror, XXVI (April, 1940), 163-164.

Headley, Phineas Camp. The Miner Boy and His Monitor; or, the Career and
Achievements of John Ericsson, the Engineer. New York: Appleton, 1865. 297 pp.

Later edition (New York: G. A. Leavitt, [c. 1870]). Heavy praise of Ericsson in this not always accurate biography. Sixty pages are devoted to the Monitor.

Hill, Frederic Stanhope. "The Duel Between the Monitor and the Merrimac," in his
Romance of the American Navy. New York: Putnam, 1910. Pp. 230-244.

Hill, Frederic Stanhope. Twenty-Six Historic Ships; the Story of Certain Famous Vessels of
War and of Their Successors in the Navies of the United States and of the Confederate States of America from 1775 to 1902. New York: Putnam, 1903. Pp. 310-327, 392-406.

One chapter apiece on the Monitor and the Merrimac. No bibliography or footnotes.

Hopkins, Garland Evans. First Battle of Modern Naval History. Richmond, Va.: House
of Dietz, 1943. 34 pp.

199 copies printed. Unbiased account.

Hosmer, James Kendall. "The Battle of the 'Monitor' and the 'Merrimac': A Prelude
to the Peninsular Campaign of April to June 1862," in Ripley Hitchcock, ed., Decisive Battles of America. New York: Harper, 1909. Pp. 274-279.

Short account by a historian.

Iles, George. "John Ericsson," in his Leading American Inventors. New York: Holt,
1912. Pp. 218-275.

A biographical sketch of Ericsson. Northern bias.

Jones, Virgil Carrington. "An Ironclad for Davy Jones," in his The Civil War at Sea,
Vol.II: March 1862-July 1863; the River War. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, [c. 1961]. Pp. 1-29.


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